Learning Common Personal Injury Terminology

After being injured in an accident, it can be difficult to keep track of all the things you need to do. You want to make sure a police report was filled out properly. You’ll need to have multiple conversations with your insurance company. You’ll also need to make sure you have an open line of communication with the best personal injury lawyer in Bradenton, FL. But, despite having a direct line to your lawyer, you may not understand some of the legalese your law firm uses to explain your circumstances. This is completely normal. There are common legal terms used in personal injury cases that most people are unfamiliar with. You may have heard these terms thrown around here and there, but you may be afraid to ask what they actually mean. That’s why we’ve composed this list of common personal injury terms to help you understand your case with more clarity.


The plaintiff is the person or group that is bringing the lawsuit to light. This is the person or group that’s initiating legal action. If you were the one injured in the accident and you’d like to hold the other driver accountable, you’re the plaintiff.


The defendant is the person or group that is potentially liable for the plaintiff’s injuries. When a plaintiff brings a lawsuit against a defendant, the defendant is required to formally answer the complaint that’s been filed against them.

Burden of Proof

The burden of proof is the act of responsibility that the plaintiff has to prove that the allegations are indeed true. If you were injured in an accident and you’re bringing a lawsuit against the defendant, you will be responsible for providing evidence that the allegations are true. What classifies as proof will vary depending on the type of case.


If you were injured due to an act of negligence of another party, that simply means that their carelessness or failure to act could have been the cause of the damages to you or your property.


Damages aren’t just the exact cost of the destruction to you or your property. Damages are what a plaintiff is hoping to reclaim from the lawsuit. It’s important to note that there are two types of damages, economic and noneconomic damages. If your lawyer refers to economic damages, they’re talking about damages that are quantifiable. This could be your auto repair bill, your medical bill, or the wages you lost while you were out sick. Noneconomic damages aren’t as easy to place a number on but should be included in your compensation. For instance, any suffering or discomfort you endured could classify as noneconomic damages. Noneconomic damages can also be emotional suffering, such as humiliation or degradation of your name in a professional setting.

Statute of Limitations

The statute of limitations is the period of time that you have as a plaintiff to file a lawsuit and claim damages. This will be determined by the type of offense that you’ve faced. This could be a year, five years, or even ten years. It’s important to ask your personal injury lawyer about these specific timeframes if you’re contemplating a lawsuit. For more information on the statute of limitations and other legal terms associated with personal injury, contact Erjavec Injury Law today to learn more. We’re well-known for being experienced, compassionate, and attentive to all our clients. Give us a call at 941-907-1133 today!